Botanical Servey of India | Flora of India

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eFlora of India




1. Tiliacora acuminata (Lam.) Hook. f. & Thomson, Fl. Ind. 187. 1855; Dunn in Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 28. 1915, repr. ed. 1: 20. 1957. Menispermum acuminatum Lam., Encycl. 4: 101. 1797. T. racemosa Colebr. in Trans. Linn. soc. Lond. 13: 67. 1822; Hook. f. & Thomson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 99. 1872.

Beng.: Tiliacord; Or.: Kalajati-noi.

Large woody climbers, 5 - 8 m tall; stems from a woody base, sparsely puberulous to glabrous, striate. Leaves ovate, sometimes lanceolate, obtusely rounded or truncate to subcordate at base, acute to acuminate at apex, 4.5 - 22 x 4 - 14 cm, slightly larger in male plants than in female plants, glabrous; basal nerves 3 - 5, subpalmate; lateral nerves 2 - 3 pairs; petioles 1.5 - 5 cm long, glabrous, striate-sulcate. Inflorescences axillary, 1 - many-flowered peduncled racemose cymes, pubescent, 2 - 21 cm long; peduncles ca 1 cm long. Male flowers yellow; sepals usually 9, 3 in each whorl, broadly elliptic, glabrous; inner ones 1 - 1.5 x 0.9 - 1.5 mm; petals 6, obovate, concave, 1 - 1.5 mm long, bright yellow, glabrous; stamens 6, free, 3 - 3.5 mm long; anthers dehiscing by longitudinal slits. Female flowers: sepals and petals as in male; carpels (3-) 8 - 12, ca 1 mm long, glabrous. Drupes oblong-ovoid to obovoid, subcompressed, 10 - 12 x 6 - 7 mm, glabrous; style-scar subbasal; endocarp thin, obscurely reticulate on surface.

Fl. & Fr. April - Dec.

Distrib. India: Along river banks in forests, up to 2000 m. Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Orissa, Tamil Nadu and Kerala; often introduced in gardens for its foliage and fragrant flowers.

Sri Lanka and S.E. Asia.

Notes. Roots mixed with water given as a drink for cure in snake-bite.


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